What is green-washing?
Greenwashing (a compound word modelled on “whitewash”), or “green sheen” is a form of spin in which green PR or green marketing is deceptively used to promote the perception that an organization’s products, aims or policies are environmentally friendly. Greenwashing efforts can range from changing the name or label of a product to evoke the natural environment on a product that contains harmful chemicals to multimillion dollar advertising campaigns portraying highly polluting energy companies as eco-friendly.
The 7 sins of Greenwashing
According to the Home and Family Edition, 95% consumer products claiming to be green were discovered to commit at least one of the “Sins of Greenwashing”. The Seven Sins of Greenwashing are as follows:
- Sin of the Hidden Trade-off, committed by suggesting a product is “green” based on an unreasonably narrow set of attributes without attention to other important environmental issues.
- Sin of No Proof, committed by an environmental claim that cannot be substantiated by easily accessible supporting information or by a reliable third-party certification.
- Sin of Vagueness, committed by every claim that is so poorly defined or broad that its real meaning is likely to be misunderstood by the consumer.
- Sin of Worshiping False Labels is committed when a claim, communicated either through words or images, gives the impression of a third-party endorsement where no such endorsement exists.
- Sin of Irrelevance, committed by making an environmental claim that may be truthful but which is unimportant or unhelpful for consumers seeking environmentally preferable products.
- Sin of Lesser of Two Evils, committed by claims that may be true within the product category, but that risk distracting consumers from the greater environmental impact of the category as a whole.
- Sin of Fibbing, the least frequent Sin, is committed by making environmental claims that are simply false.
In 2008, Ed Gillespie identified “ten signs of greenwashing”, which are similar to the Seven Sins listed above, but with three additional indicators.
Suggestive pictures – Images that imply a baseless green impact, such as flowers issuing from the exhaust pipe of a vehicle.
Just not credible – A claim that touts the environmentally friendly attributes of a dangerous product, such as cigarettes.
Gobbledygook – The use of jargon and/or information that the average person can not readily understand or be able to verify.
Content source – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenwashing
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